What is Hip Dysplasia?
Dysplasia is a disorder in the formation of an organ or tissue. In this article we will discuss the dysplasia of the musculoskeletal system, in particular – the hip dysplasia, which is most common in newborns.
Causes of Hip Dysplasia
The laying of the musculoskeletal system occurs at 4-5 weeks of intrauterine development, its final formation – after the child begins to walk. At any stage of the development of the musculoskeletal system possible violations. The most common cause of them are genetic defects. It is not by chance that if the mother or the closest relatives of the child had orthopedic problems in infancy and childhood, then the probability of inheritance of such deviations is high.
The term dysplastic syndrome in orthopedics is understood as a violation of the development of connective tissue, which can manifest itself in the form of hypermobility (increased mobility) of the joints in combination with weakness of the connective tissue. It should be understood that dysplasia is not a diagnosis, but a condition whose manifestations occur in various diseases.
Symptoms of Hip Dysplasia
One of the clinical manifestations of dysplasia is dislocation of the femoral head. The term “dysplasia of the hip joint” has, in addition to the general, also a special meaning, being synonymous with preexposure of the hip. To avoid confusion, we give a classification of hip dysplasia.
There are three forms of disturbances in the relationship of the articular hip joints:
Pre-dislocation is observed in newborns with an overstretched joint capsule. They have a symptom of slipping – the head of the femur easily dislocated, but then reset. Dislocation is formed in two ways: