Cold

What is Cold?

Experts familiar to us in everyday life cold are called acute respiratory viral infection (ARVI), or acute respiratory disease (ARI). The cause of the common cold are viruses.

The most common viruses provocateurs for colds are transmitted by airborne droplets, as well as through contaminated hands or various household items, such as stationery, door handles, towels, elevator buttons and much more. Viruses are able to live on objects from 72 hours to months, constantly increasing their habitat halo.

Causes of a Cold

Viruses

Cold Symptoms

During a cold, the symptoms of the disease are not as acute as with the flu, the main pain and inflammation occur in the nasopharynx. Cold symptoms begin with pain in the nose, runny nose, redness and sore throat, a slight increase in temperature. Cold symptoms last 5-7 days, although the cough can last up to two weeks.

Copious runny nose with green or yellow secretions indicates the fight of the immune system against the pathogen, and is a normal protective reaction of the body against the virus.

If the nasopharynx is significantly affected by the virus, cold symptoms can be accompanied by tearing and, as a result, swelling of the eyes.

Diagnosing Colds

Diagnosis of a cold doctor conducts when viewed.

If you have a strong cough, wheezing, chest pain and sputum mixed with pus or blood, as well as shortness of breath, pneumonia or acute bronchitis should be suspected. In this case, you should immediately contact your doctor, who will appoint a chest X-ray.

In case of severe pain in the throat, a full-time examination of a specialist is also necessary, especially if it is accompanied by an increase in body temperature, enlarged tonsils, difficulty in swallowing.