What is Pulmonary Echinococcosis?
Echinococcosis of the lungs is a cystic stage of development of tapeworm (Echinococcus granulosus).
Echinococcosis of the lung occurs in the form of a hydatid (single-chamber) form. Lung lesions in frequency take second place (15-20%) after liver damage (80%).
Echinococcosis is widespread throughout the world. According to statistics, the population and animals of the southern countries are most intensely affected: countries of South America (Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile, Brazil), Australia and New Zealand, North Africa (Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Egypt), Southern Europe (Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Spain, Yugoslavia. Bulgaria, France), then – the southern part of the USA, Japan, India, the former USSR. As you move from south to north, the prevalence decreases. In the territory of the former Union, echinococcosis is widespread in those republics and regions where animal husbandry is developed, mainly sheep breeding – in the North Caucasus, Transcaucasia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Moldova (the incidence of the population is 1.37 – 3.85 per 100,000), in Russia – Bashkortostan, Tatarstan, Stavropol, Krasnodar, Altai, Krasnoyarsk, Khabarovsk Territories, Volgograd, Samara, Rostov, Orenburg, Chelyabinsk, Tomsk, Omsk, Kamchatka, Magadan, Amur Regions and Chukotka Autonomous Okrug.
In Ukraine, echinococcosis is more often recorded in the southern regions – Odessa, Crimean, Kherson, Nikolaev, Donetsk, Zaporizhzhya, in the rest – sporadic cases.
On the territory of Ukraine, 2 types of foci are recorded: in the southern steppe zone, a “sheep” strain circulates, in the Polesie and forest-steppe, mainly “pig” strain. The defeat of sheep in the Odessa region was 32%, cattle – 20%, pigs – 9%.